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TcL Scripting for Cisco IOS - ISBN 9781587059452

TcL Scripting for Cisco IOS

ISBN 9781587059452

Autor: John Lautman; Raymond N. Blair

Wydawca: Cisco Press

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Dostępność: Wysyłka w ciągu 2-3 dni

Cena: 257,25 zł


ISBN13:      

9781587059452

ISBN10:      

1587059452

Autor:      

John Lautman; Raymond N. Blair

Oprawa:      

Paperback

Rok Wydania:      

2010-06-09

Ilość stron:      

320

You’ll learn easy techniques for creating, using, and modifying Tcl scripts that run directly on Cisco network devices from the Cisco IOS command line. The authors first teach basic Tcl commands and concepts for capturing and manipulating data and for querying or controlling Cisco equipment. Building on these core skills, they show you how to write scripts that automate and streamline many common IOS configuration, monitoring, and problem-solving tasks.
Whatever your role in managing, monitoring, or securing Cisco IOS networks and equipment, this book will help you get the job done more rapidly and efficiently.
Arvind Durai, CCIE No. 7016, Advanced Services Technical Leader for Cisco, specializes in supporting major Cisco enterprise customers in finance, manufacturing, e-commerce, government, and healthcare. He holds CCIEs in Routing and Switching, and in Security.

Introduction xiv

Chapter 1 The Origin of Tcl 1

    Tcl and Cisco IOS Software 3

        Embedded Event Manager and Tcl 4

        Restriction of Tcl in IOS 4

        Tcl with EEM Support in IOS 5

    Using Tcl Scripts in the Network 8

        Troubleshooting Problems 8

        Monitoring the Network 8

        Adding Intelligence to Cisco IOS Protocols 9

    Summary 9

    References 9

Chapter 2 Tcl Interpreter and Language Basics 11

    Simple Variables in Tcl 12

        Storing Variables 12

        Viewing Variables 13

        The append Command 13

        The incr Command 13

        Representation of Variables in Tcl 14

        Command Substitution 14

        Variable Substitution 15

        Lists 17

        lappend 18

        lindex 18

        linsert 18

        llength 19

        lsearch 19

        lreplace 20

        lrange 20

        lsort 20

    Procedures 21

        for Command 22

        foreach Command 23

        while Command 23

    Arrays 24

    if Command 26

    switch Command 27

    Files 28

    Summary 31

    References 31

Chapter 3 Tcl Functioning in Cisco IOS 33

    Understanding the Tcl Interpreter in Cisco IOS 33

        Using Cisco IOS Exec-Mode Parser in the Tcl Shell 34

        Entering an IOS Command into the Tcl Command Interpreter 35

    Using Tcl to Enter Commands 36

    Copying a Tcl Script to a Cisco IOS Device 38

        Fetching a Cisco IOS Tcl Script from a Remote Device 41

    Using Tcl to Examine the Cisco IOS Device Configuration 41

    Using Tcl to Modify the Router Configuration 43

    Using Tcl with SNMP to Check MIB Variables 44

        Other Uses of SNMP 44

        Enabling SNMP on a Cisco IOS Device 47

        Querying the Configuration of a Cisco IOS Device Using SNMP 48

        Modifying the Configuration of a Cisco IOS Device Using SNMP 51

    Summary 53

    References 53

Chapter 4 Embedded Event Manager (EEM) 55

    EEM Architecture 55

        Policies 56

        EEM Server 56

        Event Detectors 57

    Software Release Support for EEM 60

        Platform and IOS Considerations for EEM 65

    Writing an EEM Applet 66

        Practical Example of an Event Trigger 68

        Using Object Tracking as an Event Trigger 69

        Creating Applet Actions 70

        Examples of EEM Applets 70

        Configuring the IP SLA Sender and Responder 72

        Applet and IP SLA Route Failover Example 74

        Applet That Monitors the Default Route 83

        Applet and Application Failover with a Network Address Translation Example 88

    Using EEM and Tcl Scripts 96

        Programming Policies with Tcl 97

        Tcl Example Used to Check for Interface Errors 98

        Tcl Example Used to Check the CPU Utilization 104

    Summary 110

    References 110

Chapter 5 Advanced Tcl Operation in Cisco IOS 111

    Introduction to the Syslog Protocol 112

    Configuring Syslog Server Parameters in Cisco IOS 113

    Syslog Tcl Script Example 116

        Syslog Tcl Script Sample Output 118

    Sending Syslog Messages to a File 121

        Syslog Server Script Procedures 124

        Syslog Server Script Body 127

    Putting the Syslog Script into Operation 129

    Introduction to Embedded Syslog Manager 130

        Filtering Syslog Messages 130

        ESM Global Variables 134

        Rebuilding a Syslog Message from Its Components 136

        Displaying/Adding ESM Tcl Script Filters 137

    Introduction to Embedded Menu Manager 139

    Using Tcl as a Web Server 144

        Obtaining a Free Web Server Application 147

        Reverse Engineering the Web Server 149

        Creating Your Own Simple Web Page 152

        Creating a Web Page Using IOS show Commands 154

        Adding User Input to the Web Page 157

    Introduction to IP SLA 160

        Adding the IP SLA Measurement to the Web Page 162

        Modifying the Button and Label for User Input 162

        Creating a Tcl Script to Display IP SLA Measurement Results 163

        Putting the New Tcl Scripts into Operation 165

        Reformatting the IP SLA Output for Readability 167

        Automatic Removal and Creation of IP SLA Entries 170

        Displaying the Results of the IP SLA Measurement with Auto-Refresh 174

    Tcl Script Refresh Policy 177

    SNMP Proxy Event Detector 178

    Remote-Procedure Call Requests 179

    Multiple-Event Support for Event Correlation 180

    Using the clear Command 181

    Summary 182

    References 182

Chapter 6 Tcl Script Examples 183

    Creating an Application from Start to Finish 183

        Determine What You Want to Accomplish 183

        Creating a Flowchart 184

        Deciding What the User Interface Should Look Like 185

        Write the Code in Pseudo-Code 187

        Before You Begin 188

        Starting to Program the Application 190

        Configuring the Web Server 190

        Writing Code for the MPLS VPN Script 191

        Configuring HTML 209

        Writing Code for the MPLS CFG Script 216

        Troubleshooting as You Go 228

    Using Tcl to Troubleshoot Network Problems 230

        Monitoring the Console for Events 233

    Creating a Web Application for Remote SNMP Graphing 236

    Summary 241

    References 241

Chapter 7 Security in Tcl Scripts 243

    Introduction to PKI Infrastructure 243

        PKI Prerequisite 244

        Confidentiality with PKI 244

        Digital Signatures with PKI 245

    Using Digital Signatures to Sign a Tcl Script 247

        Step 1: Decide on the Final Tcl Script Contents (Myscript) 248

        Step 2: Generate a Public/Private Key Pair 248

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